Hydrogeology Of The Kosi Bay Lakes System, South Africa

POSTER Lake Kosi Bay is an estuary-linked lake system composed of four interconnected lakes, namely Makhawulani , Mpungwini , Nhlange , Amanzamnyama and interconnecting channels, which drains via a sandy opening to the Indian ocean and three extensive areas of swamps (Wright 2002 ). The Kosi Bay lake system is considered as the most pristine lake system on the South African coast and has been used as a recreational fishing destination since 1950 (James et al. 2001). The lakes are separated from the ocean by a strip of forested sand dunes (South African Wetlands Conservation Programme 1999;  Wright  2002).  Groundwater  utilisation  in  the  area  ranges from  extraction  of seasonal groundwater from shallow, hand-dug wells to drilling of boreholes for family or communal use and development of groundwater well-fields for agricultural projects (Botha et al. 2012). The exact amount of abstraction of the groundwater is unknown. 

The  Kosi  Bay  system  is  situated  on  the  northern  KwaZulu-Natal  coast,  2.9 km  south  of  the Mozambique international boarder. According to a Statistics South Africa survey (2007), the approximate  population  is  163 694.  The  Kosi  system  falls  under  the  UMkhanyakude  District Municipality, which covers more than 128 818 km2. The travelling distance from north of Durban is 470 km and coordinates of the Kosi Bay system are 2650S-2711S, 3238E- 3253 (Write et al. 1997). The catchment has an area of about 304 km2. The Kosi Bay system is principally clean, white sands, particularly in the northern most reaches where tidal influences are most marked and the system experiences a seasonal inflow of fresh water into its heard (Andeas Holbach 2012).

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The Kosi Bay Lakes, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
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