Isotope Constraints On The Source And Residence Time Of Spring Water From The Table Mountain Group Aquifer, Paarl, South Africa

Large scale groundwater abstraction is increasingly being used to support large urban centres particularly in areas of low rainfall but presents particular challenges in the management and sustainability of the groundwater system. The Table Mountain Group (TMG) Aquifer is one of the largest and most important aquifer systems in South Africa and is currently being considered as an alternative source of potable water for the City of Cape Town, a metropolis of over four million people.

Application Of Environmental Isotope Tools To Improve Conceptual And Numerical Modeling Of Groundwater Flow In Kosh Goldfields, Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa

Environmental isotope and hydrochemical analyses were employed to improve existing understanding of groundwater flow dynamics in the defunct mine for assessing the source of water at a pumping shaft located near Stilfontein Town, Northwest Province, South Africa. Currently pumping is done using the shaft at an average rate of 37,000 m3 /day to prevent flooding of downstream mines.

Surface Water-Groundwater Interaction Using Tritium and Stable Water Isotopes: A Case Study of Middelburg, South Africa

With an increasing population, development of the country and a changing climate, an increased demand for fresh water, coupled with negatively impacted natural water resources, are observed. One impacted component of the water resource may have an impact on another, due to the interaction between water resource components in the water cycle. All water resource components need to be well-managed and protected to ensure their availability and sustainability. Studies on water quantities, flow dynamics, quality, and contamination are essential in this regard.