Groundwater in flooded abandoned mines could be used for geothermal purposes using heat pumps and an open loop involving pumping and re-injection. Hydraulic conductivity values of the mined rock zones have been artificially increased. However, long-term efficiency and the possible impacts of geothermal doublets must be studied involving a series of hydrogeological challenges.
From monitoring networks to near real-time groundwater forecast. A case study in Cape Town Table Mountain Aquifer, South Africa
Groundwater level monitoring is essential for assessing groundwater’s availability, behaviour and trend. Associated with a modelling tool, groundwater level fluctuations can be predicted in the short to middle term using precipitation probabilities or meteorological forecasts. This is the purpose of the MétéEAU Nappes tool implemented by BRGM for the City of Cape Town (CoCT) in the Table Mountain Group Aquifer (TMGA). This case study shows how near real-time groundwater level monitoring can support the municipality in managing its future groundwater withdrawals.
Globally, losses of excess nitrogen (N) from agriculture are affecting our air and water quality. This is a well-known environmental threat and is caused by food production for an ever-growing population. Since the 1980s, many European countries, such as Denmark, have successfully combatted N pollution in the aquatic environment by regulating and introducing national agricultural one-size-fits-all mitigation measures. However, further reduction of the N load is still required to meet the demands of, e.g., the EU water directives.
Complexity versus Simplicity: A comparative analysis of complex geology in hydrogeological modelling
This paper was presented at the GWD Central Branch Symposium, Potchefstroom in 2012