The role of groundwater in urban resilience

The potential role of groundwater in supporting the resilience of human societies is garnering increased attention in the context of climate change. Much of this attention focuses on the resilience of the groundwater resource itself. Less attention has been given to the way that groundwater is used by society and how this may influence human-centred resilience outcomes, particularly in urban settings.

Groundwater for people and the environment: A globally threatened resource

Groundwater is an essential source of water worldwide. The increased reliance on groundwater has caused the mining of many aquifers, a situation compounded by climate change, rising surface-air temperature, declining precipitation, and reduced groundwater recharge in many regions.

Hydrostratigraphic controls on groundwater arsenic enrichment in the Brahmaputra river basin aquifers

Groundwater arsenic (As) distribution in alluvial floodplains is complex and spatially heterogeneous. Floodplain evolution plays a crucial role in the fate and mobilization of As in the groundwater. This study presents how groundwater As enrichment is controlled by the spatial disposition of subsurface sand, silt, and clay layers along an N-S transect across the Brahmaputra river basin aquifer.

The National Integrated Water Information System (NIWIS) for geohydrology in South Africa

For the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS) to better leverage the wealth of information being collected by various “silo” operational source water information systems, a high-priority initiative was launched to establish a National Integrated Water Information System (NIWIS), which currently consists of over 40 web-accessible dashboards including groundwater related dashboards mostly accessible to the public.

Highly productive geophysical mapping of groundwater systems in water-scare countries

Groundwater is a hidden resource, so as part of making it more visible, geophysical methods can be very useful in inferring the delineation of aquifers and/or more productive zones to target in fractured rock environments. The most commonly used techniques to assist groundwater studies or exploration are still resistivity profiles or sections known as ERT or electrical resistivity tomography and vertical electrical soundings or VES. One of the limiting factors with this technique is the scale of what surveys can be conducted, resulting in, at best, some kilometers per day.

Pock Marks as a Nature-based solution for enhancing water availability in African marginal drylands?

Nearly 1.9 billion people live in marginal environments, including drylands, semiarid, arid, and hyperarid environments. Obscure but ubiquitous circular pockmark depressions dot these lands. These circular depressions can range from a few meters to kilometers, and the depth of these depressions varies from a few centimeters to over 10 m. However, the genesis of the circles has been investigated among scientists for many years because of their obscure nature.

Characterization of groundwater dynamics to identify the risks of flooding of the sewerage network of the urban communities of Lens-Liévin (northern France)

The interactions between groundwater and the sewerage networks of the Lens-Liévin urban communities, located in the north of France, locally lead to non-compliance in the operation of the network and the wastewater treatment plants, questioning the city’s economic development policy. Indeed, the infiltration of groundwater inflow in the sewerage network could be the cause. Based on the piezometric measurements carried out in 2022, the surface elevation of the groundwater table is carried out using a kriging approach.

Integrated Modeling to Simulate Groundwater and Surface Water Interaction in the Letaba River Catchment, Limpopo Province, South Africa

The current study investigates the spatial patterns and temporal dynamics of the groundwater and surface water interactions for integrated water resource management practices. This follows the results of the groundwater flow conceptual and numerical models developed for the Middle Letaba sub-catchment, indicating that groundwater and surface water interactions play a fundamental role in determining the hydrological water balance.

Improved hydrogeological conceptual model through additional ERT profiles in medial-distal facies of andesitic volcanic area: Case study of Pandaan, East Java, Indonesia

In Java Island, Indonesia, andesitic volcanic aquifers are the main water resource for domestic, agricultural, and industrial use. To guarantee sustainable management, a hydrogeological conceptual model is key. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) survey is one tool to characterize aquifer structures and extension, specifically in the medial facies of the Arjuno Welirang volcano. Fadillah et al. (2023) proposed a hydrogeological interpretation of the aquifers in the central to proximal-medial transition zone of the Arjuno Welirang volcano.

Making groundwater a National Priority

Unicef is the WASH sector lead globally and is, present at the country level, the main counterpart of government, especially regarding the component of the water balance utilised for potable safe water supplies. This mandate means that Unicef then has a role in looking at water resources nationally and not just as individual projects, and in doing so, contributes to good water governance as an integral part of system strengthening.