This study, near Thyspunt between St. Francis and Oyster Bay in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, focused on identification and quantification of surface water–groundwater links between the mobile Oyster Bay dune field and the coast. The specific objective was to establish the extent to which important wetlands such as the Langefonteinvlei and the numerous coastal seeps along the coast are directly or indirectly dependent on groundwater as their main water source.
Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography To Describe The Aquifer Architecture Linked To Groundwater And Surface Water Interaction
One of the critical elements of water resource management is the dynamic exchange between groundwater and surface water. Quantifying this exchange strongly relies on an adequate characterisation of the lithological architecture of the involved aquifer system. In the past, this characterisation often relied on lithological data obtained through invasive methods.
The study focuses on the primary aquifer in the Cedarville flats. Groundwater extracted from the aquifer is the primary source for domestic and agricultural purposes for farmers and the community in the Cedarville area. The aim of the study is to develop a conceptual hydrogeological model of the primary aquifer in Cedarville flats which may be used as an input to a groundwater flow model that will predict the behaviour of the aquifer. The main objectives of the research are:
Characterisation And Development Of A Carbonate Rock Aquifer For Large Scale Irrigation In Zambia (A Case Study)
Limestones and dolomites form an important aquifer system in Zambia. The municipal water supplies for Lusaka and several population centres on the Copperbelt all depend on the carbonates for a substantial proportion of their water supply. Currently 155,912 ha of land are irrigated in Zambia, which is about 30 percent of the economical irrigation potential. Development of large scale irrigation schemes from carbonate rock aquifers proves to be a viable groundwater resource in Zambia.
Groundwater is not often regarded as ecosystems and especially fractured aquifer systems are seen as organism free. Conventional tests show very little to no presence of micro-organisms in groundwater. However, these micro-organisms are ubiquitous and can be detected by using sophisticated methods.
Industrial facilities and mining activities represent a potential contamination hazard to down gradient surface water and groundwater environments. The assessment of the risks posed by such contaminant sources should facilitate regulators to determine set compliance limits. These limits should, however, take in consideration the heterogeneous nature of fractured rock aquifers.
Artesian boreholes are a common feature worldwide in confined aquifers. However, the hydraulic testing of these boreholes and estimation of aquifer properties from such tests still pose a challenge for hydrogeologists. Common hydraulic tests, such as step-drawdown or constant discharge rate tests require a static water level at the start of the test, and the measurement of drawdown (increasing over time) and abstraction rate (fixed for a period of time).
The Role Of High Resolution Site Characterisation In Informing Remediation Decisions At A Petroleum Release Site Overlying A Fractured Rock Aquifer In South Africa
Inadequate characterisation of petroleum release sites often leads to the design and implementation of inappropriate remedial systems, which do not achieve the required remedial objectives or are inefficient in addressing the identified risk drivers, running for lengthy periods of time with little benefit. It has been recognised that high resolution site characterisation can provide the necessary level of information to allow for appropriate solutions to be implemented.
Aquifer Vulnerability Assessment Of The Molototsi And Middle Letaba Quaternary Catchments, Limpopo Province, South Africa
The aquifer vulnerability of the Molototsi (B81G) and Middle Letaba (B82D) quaternary catchments was assessed to determine the influence of the vadose zone on the groundwater regime. The aquifer vulnerability was assessed by developing a new method, which evaluates the vadose zone as a pathway for pollutants by using the following four parameters: Recharge, Depth to water table, Soil type (saturated vertical hydraulic conductivity) and Slope (RDSS).