Climate change

Alluvial aquifer modelling with MODFLOW in a case of a wellfield in a climate change context (Clermont-Ferrand, France)

This work is part of the AUVERWATCH project (AUVERgne WATer CHemistry), which aims to better characterise some Auvergne water bodies, specifically the alluvial hydrosystem of Allier River (France). Alluvial aquifers constitute worldwide a productive water resource, superficial and easily exploitable. In France, 45% of the groundwater use comes from these aquifers. The study site is a wellfield that withdraws 8.5 million m3 of water annually from an alluvial aquifer to produce domestic water for 80% of the local population.

Hydrological processes in the Arctic catchment of Bayelva River (Western Svalbard-Norway)

Streamwater and groundwater are changing in the Arctic region because of significant climate warming. Arctic amplification has intensified the melting of snow cover, glaciers and permafrost, leading to a prominent variation in the annual discharge of rivers, the groundwater occurrence, and their relationships. In high-latitude regions, evaluating groundwater flux/storage and river discharge is challenging due to a lack of hydrogeological data.

Winter irrigation as climate change adaptation strategy in northern Italy

In 2021-23, northern Italy suffered a severe drought due to the absence of rainfall, which strongly affected the pre-alpine lake levels, affecting energy production, agriculture and sustainable river flows. This led to harsh consequences on agriculture, which in the Lombardy region almost completely relied on flooding irrigation methods using water from lakes through Ticino and Adda rivers. As part of the INTERREG Central- Europe project “MAURICE”, which focuses on Integrated Water Resources Management, the winter irrigation practice is proposed as a climate change adaptation strategy.

Data-Driven approach to groundwater level prediction for improving water resource management: the Brenta aquifer system case study (Veneto, Italy)

In the context of climate change, this work aims to model the piezometric levels of the foothill aquifer located in the middle-high Brenta river plain (Veneto, Italy) to support managing a groundwater system that provides drinking water for most of the Veneto Region. Using a Data-Driven approach, predictive Multiple Linear Regression Models were developed for the piezometric level at different wells, and scenarios of groundwater level evolution were achieved under dry periods.

Dynamic groundwater modelling of Lake Sibaya

The Lake Sibaya groundwater-dependent catchment in uMhlabuyalingana (KwaZulu-Natal) has been the focus of hydrological research since the 1970s. The continuous decline in lake water levels and groundwater stores has prompted recent efforts. To increase confidence in the relative attribution of known causes of declines, an existing MODFLOW groundwater model was updated based on reviewed and extended hydrological input datasets and more accurate land-use and land cover (LULC) change data.

Ensuring the provision of sustainable water services in water-scarce humanitarian environments

Annually, UNICEF spends approximately US$1B in water, sanitation and hygiene programming (WASH), approximately half of which is spent in humanitarian contexts. In emergencies, UNICEF supports the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene programming under very difficult programming contexts – interruptions to access, power supply and a lack of reliable data. Many of these humanitarian situations are in contexts where water scarcity is prevalent and where the demand and competition for water are increasing, contributing to tension between and within communities.

Radical evolution of the Geneva transboundary aquifer agreement: an example for the sustainability of TBA governance?

The Geneva aquifer is internationally recognized for its transboundary resource management agreement between Switzerland and France, described as the first groundwater management agreement in the world. Signed in 1978 and renewed in 2008, this agreement on managing a shared underground resource has long been an example for establishing other agreements worldwide, particularly by UNESCO and its hydrological program via the TBA commission of the IAH.

How groundwater temperature is affected by climate change: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Groundwater (GW) is a target of climate change (CC), and the effects become progressively more evident in recent years. Many studies reported the effects on GW quantity, but of extreme interest is also the assessment of qualitative impacts, especially on GW temperature (GWT), because of the consequences they could have. This study aims to systematically review the published papers dealing with CC and GWT, to determine the impacts of CC on GWT, and to highlight possible consequences. Scopus and Web of Science databases were consulted, obtaining 144 papers.

A combined stochastic-analytical method for the assessment of climate change impact on spring discharge

This study describes a novel methodology for predicting spring hydrographs based on Regional Climate Model (RCM) projections to evaluate climate change impact on karstic spring discharge. A combined stochastic-analytical modelling methodology was developed and demonstrated on the Bukovica karst spring catchment at the Durmitor National Park, Montenegro. As a first step, climate model projections of the EURO-CORDEX ensemble were selected, and bias correction was applied based on historical climate data.

Groundwater discharge and climate change: The application of RCMs to assess long-term effects of climate change on spring flow along the Apennines

Global warming affects atmospheric and oceanic energy budgets, modifying the Earth’s water cycle with consequent changes to precipitation patterns. The effects on groundwater discharge are still uncertain at a global and local scale. The most critical step to assess future spring flow scenarios is quantifying the recharge-discharge connection. This research aims to predict the long-term effects of climate change on the discharge of seven main springs with long hydrologic series of discharge values located in different hydrogeological settings along the Apenninic chain (Italy).