Alluvial aquifer

Quantifying Groundwater Resources In Alluvial Aquifers Of The Omaruru River; Simplifying Decision Making For Aquifer Management

The Omaruru River Basin encompasses an area of approximately 19 625 km2 in central west Namibia. The headwaters extend to the area north of the Etjo Mountains, ephemeral surface runoff and groundwater flow is generally directed south-westward until they reach the Atlantic Ocean. Annual rainfall decreases steadily from 380 mm at the headwaters to <50 mm at the river mouth implying that majority of runoff is generated in the upper headwaters.

Alluvial Wellfield Optimisation And Management Using Numerical Flow Modelling And Seasonal River Stages

Three dimensional numerical flow modelling has become one of the best tools to optimise and management wellfields across the world. This paper presents a case study of simulating an existing wellfield in an alluvial aquifer directly recharged by a major perennial river with fluctuating head stages. The wellfield was originally commissioned in 2010 to provide a supply of water to a nearby Mine. Ten large diameter boreholes capable of abstracting ±2 000 m3 /hour were initially installed in the wellfield.