Quenching A Thirsty Country

Only 40% of all the available groundwater resources are developed in South Africa and the development of surface water are becoming more costly and challenging. The Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs acknowledge this and identified the need to increase the use of groundwater as one of the interventions to address the increasing water requirement of towns and communities.

Can Groundwater Sustain The Future Development Of Rural Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe occupies a tectonically stable plateau underlain by ancient Precambrian crystalline basement rocks. These  form a central craton bounded by east-west trending mobile belts; the Zambezi mobile belt to the north and the Limpopo mobile belt to the south. Zimbabwe receives generally low and variable quantities of seasonal rainfall within a semi-arid to savannah type climate characterised by moderate to high temperatures.

Characterisation And Development Of A Carbonate Rock Aquifer For Large Scale Irrigation In Zambia (A Case Study)

Limestones  and  dolomites  form  an  important  aquifer  system  in  Zambia.  The  municipal  water supplies for Lusaka and several population centres on the Copperbelt all depend on the carbonates for a substantial proportion of their water supply. Currently 155,912 ha of land are irrigated in Zambia, which is about 30 percent of the economical irrigation potential. Development of large scale irrigation schemes from carbonate rock aquifers proves to be a viable groundwater resource in Zambia.

Application Of A Water Balance Model To Investigate Groundwater–Surface Water Interactions

The article presents the application of a water balance model as a preliminary tool for investigating groundwater–surface water (GW–SW) interactions along an alluvial channel aquifer located in a semi-arid climate in the central province of South Africa. The model is developed based on the conservation of mass; solute and stable isotopic mixing of the model components. Discharge measurements were made for the river segment inflow and outflow components using stream velocity-area technique.

The Environmental Impacts Of Groundwater On The St Lucia Wetland

This paper has been based on a study conducted at the Nyalazi plantation in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The study was conducted in order to determine the impacts of the different timber species planted on the groundwater levels associated with the site area. Commercial timber plantations are widespread  throughout  the  country  and  form  an  essential  component  of  the  South  African economy.

Gis-Pmwin, A Preprocessor In Arcgis For Groundwater Modelling With Pmwin

PMWIN5.3 has been one of the most commonly used software for groundwater modelling because of its free source and the adoption of the popular core program MODFLOW. However, the fixed formats required for data input and lack of GIS data support have posted big challenges for groundwater modellers who are dealing with large areas with complicated hydrogeological conditions.

Validating Hydrological Models In A Data Scarce Country – Getting The Right Results For The Right Reasons

This study explores some of the principle issues associated with quantifying surface  water and groundwater interactions and the practical application of models in a data scarce region such as South Africa. The linkages between the various interdependent components of the water cycle are not well understood, especially in those regions that suffer problems of data scarcity, and there remain  urgent  requirements  for  regional  water  resource  assessments.

Multi-Data Integration Approach In Groundwater Resource Potential Mapping: A Case Study From The North West Province, South Africa

A multi-data integration approach was used to assess groundwater potential in the Naledi Local Municipality located in the North West Province of South Africa. The geology comprised Archaean crystalline basement, carbonate rocks (dolomite and limestone) and windblown sand deposits of the Kalahari Group. The main objective of the study is to evaluate the groundwater resource potential using multi-data integration and environmental isotope approaches.

Including Groundwater In Simulation Models For Optimised Mine Water Management

Variability in both rainfall and raw water demands at South African mines and lack of accurate predictive planning tools often leads to water shortages or spillages of excess dirty water. The demand varies due to changing production rates, scheduled and unscheduled maintenance, while available water resources are greatly influenced by droughts and untimely storm events.