Effects Of Dolerite Intrusions On The Geohydrology Of Upper Karoo Sediments In The Elundini Area, South Africa

The Karoo Supergroup has a hydrogeological regime which is largely controlled by Jurassic dolerite dyke and sill complexes. The study area is located in the north-eastern interior of the Eastern Cape Province,  close  to  the  Lesotho  border.  The  sedimentary  rocks  of  the  upper  Karoo  constitute fractured and intergranular aquifers, due to relatively hydro-conductive lithologies. The main groundwater production targets  within  the  upper-Karoo  are  related  to  dolerite  intrusions  that have  a  number  of  characteristics that influence groundwater storage and dynamics. Magnetic, electromagnetic and electrical resistivity geophysical techniques are used to determine the different physical  characteristics  of  the  dolerite  intrusions,  such  as  size,  orientation  and  the  level  of weathering. Trends in the data collected from a large-scale development programme can provide evidence that intrusion characteristics also play a role in determining the hydrogeological characteristics of the area. Interpreted geophysical borehole drilling, aquifer  testing  and  water chemistry  data  can  be  used  to  indicate  hydrogeological  differences  between dolerite intrusion types. Observed trends could be used for more accurate future well-field target areas and development.

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The Elundini Area, South Africa
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